Orvieto day trip from Rome – private car service

by / Friday, 14 March 2014 / Published in Limo service in Rome and Italy
Orvieto Cathedral - Orvieto and Civita di Bagnoregio tour from Rome

Orvieto: easy day trip from Rome

With our limo service in Rome you can visit Orvieto, not far from Rome. You can book our Assisi and Orvieto Day Tour from Rome, or Orvieto and Civita di Bagnoregio Day Tour from Rome

Introduction

Orvieto is located on a spur of tuff and pozzolan in the countryside of Umbria and offers not only magnificent views but also a lot of art, food and wine of the highest quality. Suffice it to think of the lumachella, a bread with bacon, cheese and lard and Orvieto DOC white wine. Many taverns and inns are dug into the tuff and the cellars have constant temperature and humidity, the best conditions for an exceptional wine.

The rocks that make up the characteristics of Orvieto are tuff and the pozzolona, both easily diggable, porous and brittle. For this reason, since the Etruscan period, they began to dig cisterns for collecting water, a precious resource. It is estimated that there are more than a thousand artificial excavations, an underground Orvieto parallel to the city on the surface.

St. Patrick’s well

The most famous of all is the Pozzo di San Patrizio, commissioned by Pope Clement VII after the Sack of Rome in 1527, to make Orvieto an impregnable fortress. The first thing to do was obviously provide the city with a supply of water, without which it would have been easy to besiege the city and make it surrender quickly. With an adequate supply of water Orvieto could resist for a very long time. How do you descend into the St. Patrick’s Well? There is a spiral ramp for the descent and parallel to it another spiral ramp to take the water from the bottom of the well to the surface. An important idea because it allowed the mules to go down to take the water without interfering with the mules walking up carrying the water.

Faina museum

To see the Etruscan finds you can visit the Faina museum where among other things there are the famous Etruscan buccheri, black ceramica pottery and vases. To visit the museum simply go to Piazza del Duomo and you’ll find the Palazzo Faina.
On the first floor of the museum there are ancient coins and three amphorae attributed to Exekias, the famous 6th century B.C. Greek potter recognizable by the technique of figures on a black background. On the second floor of the museum you can admire the Cathedral of Orvieto from an exceptional point of view from the windows of the second floor corridors On the ground floor you can see an archaic head of a warrior and a sarcophagus dedicated to human sacrifices, particularly the killing of Trojan warriors.

Orvieto’s Duomo

The Cathedral of Orvieto was built to accommodate the precious relic of the miracle of Bolsena. In 1263 a Bohemian priest who doubted the actual conversion of the host during the Mass into the body and blood of Christ. He decided to do a pilgrimage to Rome. During the stop in Bolsena, while he was celebrating Mass at the tomb of St. Christina, he saw drops of blood falling from the consecrated host and stain the floor, the corporal and the liturgical linens. Pope Urban IV, who at that time was in Orvieto, went there to verify the miracle and approved it. In 1290 on the initiative of Pope Nicholas IV, it began the construction of the Cathedral. The bloodied linen was at first placed in a reliquary made by a goldsmith of Siena, Ugolino di Vieri, but it is now in another tabernacle. Rhe Orvieto Cathedral was designed by Lorenzo Maitani, who made a Gothic design. The work lasted two centuries. The sculptures on the ground level were sculpted by Maitani himself, a work that lasted tens of years. On the left-side of the cathedral we find the birth of humanity, God creates the Earth and animals, then the man and, from his ribs, finally creates the woman. God recommended to Adam and Eve not to eat of the fruit of the tree of wisdom but they didn’t obey and were expelled from Paradise, condemned to work: the man will be a farmer, she will spin the wool. Then on the Duomo there are the sculptures with the episode of Cain who kills Abel and the series dedicated to the trivium and the quadrivium, the pivot of medieval scholasticisms: with wisdom, reading, music and geometry. The study as a remedy to raise men from the misery of this land.
At the center of the cathedral of Orvieto there are a number of works dedicated to the Old and New Testament. The birth of Jesus, the adoration, the flight to Egypt, Christ on the Cross between the Sun and the Moon, for the resurrection .
There are then four bronze statues depicting the evangelists, recognizable from their symbols: the lion of St. Mark, the bull of St. Luke, the eagle of St. John and the angel of St. Matthew. Finally, the splendid mosaics.
Inside the Cathedral of Orvieto it can be seen that no two capitals are equal, a characteristics of medieval achitecture. We note then that the arches go narrowing going towards the apse and the floor rises slightly so that the cathedral seems longer than it is in reality. The first chapel, located entering on the left-side, was painted in fourteenth-century style with the story of the saint and the miracle of Bolsena.

Cost of Day tours from Rome to Orvieto by Tiber Limousine Service

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